European Bicycle Touring
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Last Trip of 3: May 2003

By David May

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Bicycling in Provence, France

Organize your own cycle tour in Provence's Roman heartland, or in the glorius Luberon; or select among a large number of commercial bike trips.

Bike Rating: Superlative
Best Seasons: May or September

Nature of the Ride: Provence, the ancient roman Provincia (province), thrills with beautiful vistas, charming villages, and wonderous works of ancient Rome, still standing after almost 2,000 years. The roman arenas, theaters, and monuments are found in the heartland of Provence, the mainly flat, rich farmland near the Rhone River. Cycling in this core region of Provence is easy—with only occasional small slopes or lightly rolling, small hills—except when the mistral wind blows (see When to Go, below). You will definitely also want to visit the ruined bastion of Les Baux-de-Provence***, in a range of hills, the Alpilles, east of the central region, where five centuries ago warlords of swooped down to raid the surrounding countryside, then retreated to their impregnable aerie.

If you have the time, or if your interest is primarily charming villages, and if you enjoy (or tolerate) riding (or walking) up lengthy hills, by all means do visit the Luberon region of Provence—east of the core—with its picturesque, highly individual, perched villages, looking down on an agricultural plain. The author finds this area wondrously beautiful.

The cycling in Provence uses side-roads and occasionally minor highways with light traffic. In the cities and towns of Avignon***, Arles***, Orange***, Cavaillon, and Saint Remy* you will ride in light to moderate urban traffic, or walk your bicycle on the sidewalks. Only if you choose to make the side trip to Nimes*** will you encounter heavy city traffic.

biking by flowers in Provence
Please refer to the home page for links to important background on touring styles, transportation, bike types, rentals, maps, information sources, traffic ratings, packing, and security and safety tips. Refer to this page for information on French pronunciation, French bicycle nomenclature, and French road signs. Star symbols in the text show ratings given by the Michelin green guide books, which the author likes and uses. Three stars mean worth a journey; two, worth a detour; and one, interesting.

When To Go: The winter and early spring are generally unsuitable for riding in the region, due to rain and the Mistral, — a very strong, cold wind that often blows for several days at a time, bringing air from Northern Europe down the Rhone valley to the Mediterranean Sea. Even in late April, or early May, an otherwise ideal time to visit Provence, high winds may require you to modify your biking itinerary . In mid-to-late May, Provence weather becomes pleasantly hot; but, unless there has been a very cold spring in Northern Europe, there is little risk of the Mistral. The Mistral spreads out when it reaches the lower Rhone Valley near Avignon, so that in Provence west of the Rhone you will likely face a wind from the northeast, and in Provence east of the Rhone, a wind from the northwest.

Luberon view, cycling ProvenceAlso avoid cycling in the very hot (and dry) summer, from June 15 until September 15. The early fall is another ideal time to bike in Provence.

Attractions of the Provence heartland: Fields of lavender, rape seed, and red poppies punctuate open, long views in generally arid country. Pine forests carpet the Alpilles hills. Irrigated fields and orchards in the Rhone valley contrast with maquis (high scrub thickets) and garrigue (low scrub) on lower hill sides. Impressive Roman ruins include the arenas in Arles***, the gates and theater in Orange***, the temple and arena in Nimes***, the aqueduct bridge called the Pont du Gard***, and the monuments** near St. Remy. Natural wonders include the spring of Vaucluse*** the ocher cliffs by Roussillon*, and the wildlife-filled marshesand wild horses of the Camargue*.. All cities and towns exude an individual character and charm. Avignon*** contains the Palace of the Popes (where the popes resided in the 14th century, rather than in Rome) and a lovely promenade; Arles, a beautiful cloister and city square. The once impregnable, now in ruins, cliff-perched bastion of Les-Baux-de-Provence*** will takes your breath away.

Possible Variations you may wish to ride off the main cycling loop near the Rhone River are: (1) to Nimes*** — mentioned above; to Aix-en-Provence** — a university city of fine art and architecture, churches and museums; (2) a northward continuation to Séguret*, Vaison-la-Romaine**, and the Dentelles de Montmirail*— which visits worthwhile roman ruins, wine villages, and mountain vistas, but is less rewarding than the heart of Provence, and adds the possibility for the fittest riders of a climb of Mont Ventoux***; and (3) an eastern continuation, into the Luberon**— which leads to one picturesque hill town after another, including Gordes**, Rousillon**, Bonnieux*, and Ménerbes, where "A Year in Provence" was written..(4) For adventurous, self-organized riders, capable of riding longer days and dealing with elevation, a week'' ride to the Côte d'Azur*** (the French Riviera) via Moustiers-Sainte-Marie**,the Gorges of Vernon***, and the Route Napoleon is very rewarding .

Provence has many campgrounds and is filled with hotels of all categories, from modest lodgings to bed and breakfasts to palace-hotels; it also contains a multitude of good, inexpensive restaurants, and many others with Michelin stars. Provencal cooking and wines are delicious. Tip: Try especially lamb dishes with Gigondas wine, or any local wine from the region.. Tip: Consider reading on your trip, Alphonse Daudet's "Letters from My Windmill", originally in French, and, of course, Peter Mayle's, "A Year in Provence".

The painter Van Gogh spent his final year near St. Remy-en-Provence, and Cezanne often painted near Aix-en-Provence..

Again, please do refer to the home page for links to important background on touring styles, transportation, bike types, rentals, maps, information sources, traffic ratings, packing, and security and safety tips.

How to bike Provence: Chose among very many organized groups with varied itineraries, difficulties, and degrees of luxury; or organize the trip yourself.

Clicking on any picture in this column enlarges it. Clicking a red button under a picture provides a very large image.

Provence Heartland:

Poppies in Provence
Palais des Papes, Avignon
A cyclist views the "Pont d'Avignon" (Avignon Bridge St. Bénézet) of the well known French child's song.
A view of the Pope's Palace and high town, from atop the "Pont dÁvignon".
Pont du Gard
Pottery shop in St. Quentin-le-Poterie, near Uzès.
Arles Balcony
Roman arena, Arles
Park and Cafe, Arles
Distant view of Les-Baux-de-Provence
The upper citadel of Les-Baux-de-Province.
One of the breathtaking views from the citadel of Les-Baux-de-Provence.
Still erect after almost 2000 years, this six-stories mausoleum stood beside the end of the Roman road to the town of Glanum.
Road in woods,
Alpinnes hills
Roman Theater, in Orange, the best conserved of the entire Roman empire..

The Luberon Region:

Café du Progrès, Ménerbe, where Peter Mayle wrote "A year in Provence".
Gordes, a Luberon hill town
Abbaye of Sénanque, in its own valley. The lavender fields behind the abbey become light-violet in July.
The modest Crillion Hotel in Murs bears no resemblance to the five-star Paris Crillion.
Clicking on any picture in this column enlarges it. Clicking a red button under a picture provides a very large image.
Venasque village, a possible detour from Gordes to Ile sur la Sorgue.
Roussillon, a Luberon hill town
Roussillon church
Wall and flowers, Roussillon
Ocher quarries near Roussillon
Cafe Caesar at Bonnieux,
a Luberon hill town

Organizing a Provence biking tour yourself:

To print itinerary, select the text below, and choose 'print selection'.

Please follow this link for an explanation of the author's traffic ratings.

Maps: For the Roman Heartland of Provence: IGN Map 10071 , 1:100,000 "Avignon-Marseille". For the Luberon, : IGN Map10064 "Carpentras, Digne-Les_Bains" 1:100,000. For Orange and further west: IGN Map 10063 "Avignon, Nimes".

For the entire area: Michelin Map #11340 (or just #340), "Bouche-du-Rhone Var", 1:175,000; or Michelin #528 French Rivera (or #245 Provence Côte d'Azur—same map as #528), 1:200,000. (These maps have most of the information you need, but lack the tiniest roads, and are slightly less clear than the IGN maps.)

Starting Point for all circuits: Avignon TGV Station

The Avignon TGV train station is 2.5 hours from Paris. At this writing in 2011 three TGVs per day every day carry assembled bicycles between Paris and Avignon.See this site's page on bicycles and trains for more information on carrying on your assembled bike, shipping your bike or bringing it in a cover or case.

Circuits detailed below:

(1) Basic Cycling Circuit: Roman Heartland of Provence, the Rhone Plain, and the Alpilles

Rating: Easy, except somewhat hard to Les-Baux-de-Provence.

Extensions possible to the Camargue* (easy, unless wind), to Uzès (easy), to Nimes*** (easy or harder & traffic) to Northern Provence (easy, or harder, or very difficult), or east to the Luberon (harder).

(2) Luberon Biking Continuation: Hill towns in stunning landscapes

Possible end point: Aix-en-Provence** (rating: harder)

(3)Point-to-Point: Provence to the French Riviera

Via the Luberon and the Gorge of Verdon (Europe's deepest); (rating: easy, then harder, and then difficult)


(1)Basic Circuit: Roman Heartland of Provence, the Rhone Plain, and the Alpilles

Skill Level: Mainly easy. Flat to gently rolling with some minor hills and one big climb of about 650 feet (200 meters) to Les-Baux-de-Provence***.

Ending point: Ending point: Avignon TGV Station.

Distance and Time: Basic circuit — 160 miles (250 kilometers), 6 days. Optional side trips — additional 90 miles (150 kilometers), 1 to 3 days. Optional extensions to the north — up to an additional 90 miles (150 kilometers), 3 days. A more leisurely pace could also add 2 or 3 days.

Rentals: See the following Internet site for a list of bicycle (vélo) rental (and sales) shops in Provence, the Côte d'Azur, and nearby areas:

Tip: The best located hotels often become fully booked (partly due to bike tours), so reserve in advance.

Camping: There are many organized campgrounds in the area. I have no personal experience camping in France.

Itinerary: (Many variations are possible; rest days are not included.) The length of rides each day is about 30 to 45 kilometers, shorter than for other itineraries on this web site—due partly to hills, but mainly to the concentration of sights in the area that you will want to extensively visit.

Day 1: Arrive at Avignon*** by TGV by midmorning. Visit.

Day 2: Bike to the Pont du Gard***. Don't take the shorter N100, a narrow, high speed, very busy, even dangerous road. From Avignon cross westwards on the northernmost bridge across the two channels of the Rhone. Make three right turns unto D2 along the river, and go south to Aramon (moderate traffic). Do note the special double, curved TGV train bridges overhead: Only the French would put two bridges, to allow the trains to roll at higher speeds. Now, go west on D19 to Théziers. Then turn northward. You circle around Fournes and pass under the autoroute, turning left, still on D19. You can avoid the traffic of the main highway to Remoulin, N100, by turning left under a rail track where a sign says "Usine". At the end of this road, turn right and cross the tracks again into the center of Remoulin. Cross the bridge over the Gardon River, after the town, and then turn right, still on D98, and follow to the "rive droite (right bank) of the "Pont-du-Gard***. After seeing the bridge -- and perhaps picnicking there -- cross on the modern foot bridge, and ride to your hotel. Total ride 35 kilometers. (The expensive château-hotel at Castillon-du Guarde has a Michelin * restaurant; there are 3 other hotel choices.)

Side trip (adds one day): You may also, if you wish, continue this day, or the next on D981 another 15 kilometers to the picturesque town of Uzès (light traffic on D981). If you do bike to Uzès, consider visiting the pottery studios in the nearby village of Saint-Quentin-La-Poterie. After your visit, the next day, return to the Pont-du-Guarde*** or visit Nimes.

Side trip (adds one day): From either the Pont-du-Guard*** region or from Uzès, you can continue through rolling to hilly countryside to Nimes***, a large and auto-choked city with parks and Roman monuments. However, you must be very comfortable riding in unavoidable very heavy traffic on the northeastern periphery of Nimes (while in the Center of Nimes, you can use less busy bus lanes and back streets) To escape from Nimes after your visit, heading southeast,follow small, traffic-free roads to Rodihan, Manduel, then D403 southeastward, northeastward on D163, taking the second road on the right and riding through orchards to Beaucaire).

Day 3: From Pont-du-Guard***, ride on the highway to Beaucaire*, Tarascon*, and by D35 to Arles***(36 kilometers). Or, take the back route via Meynes and Jonquieres to Beaucaire, which adds 5 kilometers. Or ride to Cabrière (hills), Redessan, Bellegarde, and Arles*** (43 kilometers).

Side trip (adds one day): (From Bellegarde, continue to St. Giles and then to the Mediterranean at Saintes-Maries-de-la-Mer* in the Camargue*, where horses roam free and bird frequent the endless flatland of marshes, a total of 80 kilometers; if so, spend the night, and continue from there to Arles*** the next day in 38 kilometers). N.B.: In late May, on or about the 24th and 25, the Gypsy Festival takes place in Saintes-Maries-de-la-Mer (Gypsies arrive from all over Europe), and without advance planning, lodging can be impossible to find.

Day 4:
From Arles***, ride on D17 to Fontvieille, D78 to Les Baux-de-Provence***(altitude 280 meters). Walk your bike up the hill to the ancient village of Les-Baux if need be. Allow at least two hours at Les-Baux.Above the restored, touristy old village lies the ruined chateau-fortress, an absolute must-visit, with stunning views in all directions! You might possibly consider spending the night nearby in one of the extremely expensive, top rated inns with Michelin ** and *** restaurants. Otherwise, continue on to St.Remy-de-Provence*.

Don't follow the obvious signs to St. Rémy on D27A, perpendicular to the road you rode up on. It's less scenic and has more traffic. Rather, to reach St. Rémy, continue further on the road on which you rode up, now D27, to the crest (a side road leads uphill to a fine view point). Then descend (a great downhill run) through the forest until the road emerges from the valley, and at the first intersection , turn right and follow this road into St. Rémy*, about 26 kilometers total. St. Rémy-de-Provence contains many picture galleries featuring the works of local artists. Hotels range from modest to top luxury, and restaurants are plentiful.

(From St. Rémy, you should probably take a side trip uphill 1.5 kilometers on D5 to see the Roman Ruins, including a mausoleum, called the "Antiquities"*, which flanked both sides of an ancient roman road leading to (the ruins of) Glanum**, which you may also visit. A historical note: As you start to redescend from Glanum, the first driveway on the right leads to the sanitariums where the artist Van Gogh spent his final months.

Day 5: Ride from St. Rémy to L'Isle-sur-la-Sorgue*, a quaint town specializing in the resale of antique or peeudo-antique French furniture. To do so, leave St. Rémy to the east on D99A, branch left on D30. through Noves to the intersection with highway N7 (16 km). If traffic is heavy on D30, you may branch off in 1 km to the right on D31 , and then follow D29b northwards, which adds about 5 km. You must now ride a kilometer on N7, to cross the Durance River, and another on D973 eastward, before branching off on a minor road (D25?) to Caumont-sur-Durance. Then follow D25 to L'Isle-sur-la-Sorgue. (The author has never ridden this particular route, but it is the only alternative, since the Durance must be crossed, and Cavaillon is to be avoided.) Total ride: 34 kilometers.

Check into your lodgings, and then continue to the Fontaine de Vaucluse*** (6 kilometers), where a voluminous stream "miraculously" emerges from a rock face (in later spring, summer and fall, you may be able to discern the top of the cave "without a bottom", from which the spring arises. Return to L'Isle-sur-la-Sorgue.

Day 6: Cycle from L'Isle-sur-la-Sorgue to Avignon*** (21 kilometers), and depart by train. Avoid the direct route, N100. A good alternative rather, is to follow a back road to Le Thor and then to St. Satirmom-les-Avignon. Link up with D97 (south of D28) and follow this to Avignon. Walk your bike on sidewalks, if you prefer, in Avignon.

Continuation Itinerary to the North:

(Requires 45 to 60 kilometer days).

Day 6: L'Isle-sur-la-Sorgue, Monteux (by D31), Sarriahs, Vacqueyras, Gigondas, Séguret (hotel), Vaison-la Romaine** (51 kilometers).

Day 7: Vaison-la-Romaine, D975 to Rasteau, Ste.-Cecil-les-Vignes, château Hotel of Rocheguede(****hotel*restaurant) (24 kilometers total) or continue from Rocheguede to Orange*** (hotels - 18 kilometers further) .

Day 8: Rocheguede toOrange***, with its Arc de Triomphe** at the northern entrance to the town, and its Roman Theater***, best conserved of the entire Roman empire. (Note: be very careful to avoid theft of your property in Orange -- lock your bike inside the theater entrance—i.e., past the ticket booth). Then D976 to Roquemaure (detour 6 kilometers each way, if desired, to Châteauneuf-du-Pape** (*restaurant)), D980 to Avignon*** (total of 45 kilometers). Depart Avignon*** by TGV train in late afternoon or early evening.

Northern Continuation Variation I: Day 6 or 7: Cycle through the Dentelles de Montmirail mountains* passing through Suzette at 734 meters, and Malaucène on way to or from Vaison-la-Romaine**; if done on day 6, then include Séguret on day 7.

Northern Continuation Variation II: (requires an extra day, good weather, and that you be exceptionally fit): On Day 7 or 8 visit the Mt. Ventoux observatory*** at 1,909 meters (6,000 feet); check for good conditions first — it can be very windy and stormy at the top. The road to the observatory from Malaucène climbs 1,600 meters (5,200 feet) in 21 kilometers, an average grade of 8%. Return by the same road. Malaucène has a hotel.

Continuation Biking Itinerary visiting the glorius Luberon in the East (adding 3 days):


You will experience "more difficult" riding to, and through, many hill towns.

Luberon Day 1 (Day 5 starting from St. Rémy-de-Provence) to Gordes

If you are starting from St. Rémy-de-Provence, ride to Gordes. Do not ride on D99 from St. Remy* to the Cavaillon bridge over the Durance River (unless perhaps early Sunday morning). The traffic is very heavy and even dangerous. The author did and was very sorry. A local cyclist recommended this routeto the Durance: Leave to the northeast on D30, bear right (on D31??) then take the second left to the north, then the next right (now D31 for sure) to Mollégès. Turn north towards Chapelle Ste.-Crois and St. Andiol. Make the first right onto D74, heading east and then southeast. At the intersection with D99, turn left.

You will find a sidewalk-bike path on the north side of the highway that angles off to the left, and crosses over the autoroute and the railway, and then, over the Durance River bridge

After the river, at the light, the bike path turns right and crosses D99 as a bike lane, along the Cavaillon bypass to the south. In a short distance the lanes end. At this point you must turn left, crossing the bypass at the light, and ride into a road leading to the hippodrome (horse racetrack) (or perhaps it is to the tennis courts...the author missed the turn, but read about it later). The bike route (marked with a rectangular panel with a cyclist on a blue field and an arrow pointing to a white area) crosses under the rail tracks, and leads to Les Taillades and then Robion.

Robion, is in "The Luberon", the very touristic region of Provence loved by many. You can turn north and ride to the hill town of Gordes* (total distance of about 40 kilometers from St. Remy), or perhaps continue on the south side of the Coulon stream along the bike trail (following the blue and white cycling signs) as far as Bonnieux—a longer (50 km), hilly, strenuous, but exhilarating trip. (The blue and orange rectangular signs point out the bike trail in the opposite direction).

Hotel space can be particularly tight in Gordes, and can also be tight in Bonnieux. The author had his best meal ever in Provence at the Bonnieux restaurant, Le Fournil.

Luberon Day 1 (Day 6 starting from L'Isle-sur-la-Sorgue to Gordes)

If you are starting from L'Isle-sur-la-Sorgue, visit the Fontaine-de-Vaucluse (about 8 km). Then bike uphill through Cabrieres-d'Avignon on D100 and follow D2 uphill into Gordes (an additional 6 km). Consider visiting the Abbaye de Sénanque, or continuing towards Roussillon.

Luberon Day 2: From Gordes* ,in a very long, hilly day, ride to Ménerbes ("Year in Provence" town), Bonnieux* (hotels), Roussillon* (ocher quarries, hotels), and back to Gordes*, a total distance of 45 kilometers (all are hill towns worth visiting. An extra day is desirable for non-fit or easygoing cyclists, or spend the previous night at Roussillon* and bypass Gordes* and the Abbey of Senac**).

Luberon Day 3: From Gordes* (elevation about 300 meters) a 4 kilometer ride on D117 — a long climb (from the bend below the town on the main road), followed by a steep descent— leads to the Abby of Sénanque**. (It's lavender fields are in bloom in July, but don't make the ride then, unless you love scorching heat.) From there, climb and descend back to Gordes*, then to Cabrière-de-Avignon, Fontaine-de-Vaucluse***(river emerging from a rock face), and L'Isle-sur-la-Sorgue (29 kilometers total) (Or, continue to Avignon in a long day.). Or fit cyclists can ride around to the Fontaine-de-Vaucluse in a counterclockwise direction, passing from the Sénanque Abbey on D177 or directly from the château in Gordes on D15 (or via Murs) over a pass at about 600 meters to Vanasque (a charming village), and Pernes-les-Fontaines (about 63 kilometers total). Or continue northwards towards Mount Ventoux.

Next Day: To Avignon, as in the main itinerary, or to Northern variation.


Alternative Ending for a Provence and/or Luberon Bike Tour via Aix-En-Provence:

:Day 6 or 7: Gordes*, Roussillon*, Ménerbe, night in Bonnieux* (35 kilometers).

Day 7 or 8: Leave Bonnieux* via D943, Lourmarin, Cadanet, Abbey of Silvàcane**, Rognes, Aix-en-Provence** (about 53 kilometers).

Day 8 or 9: Depart from Aix-en-Provence** by train to Marseilles, then transfer to TGV train or air .(The Aix-en-Provence TGV station is only 16 kilometers from the center of town, but it is linked by a busysuperhighway. A circuitious route is possible but much longer. This map shows a route: It is probably easier to take the train from the center of town to Marseilles.)

An option to consider is the signed bike circuit of the north and south sides of the Luberon mountain massif, all on minor roads or bike path.Riding this bike circuit while including as well as visits to Gordes and Roussillon, requires five or six days in the Luberon region. This option is discussed on a subsequent page, as is the difficult point to point itinerary leading eastward from Provence*** along the spectacular Gorge de Verdon*** to the Cote d'Azur***.

For a continuation Itinerary to the East (mountainous) or the Luberon circle tour, please click here.

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